The contrasting views of Bartolome de Las Casas, a friar and bishop of Chiapa, and Juan Gines de Sepulveda, a learned humanist, were turned into a debate on whether or not the actions taken by the Europeans when exploring the New World were morally right. 1502 Leaves Spain for Hispaniola in the West Indies with the governor, Nicolas de Ovando. Bartolomé de Las Casas debates the subjugation of the Indians, 1550. How do the explorers view themselves? Here is contained a dispute, or controversy between the bishop Friar Bartolomé de las Casas, or Casaus, bishop of the royal city of Chiapa, who is in India, part of New Spain, and Dr. Gines de Sepulveda chronicler of the Emperor our lord on the doctor contended: that the successes of As an encomendero, Las Casas began to realize the horrors of the encomienda system. A. whirling speck of dust . Gines de sepulveda chronicler to the emperor our lord in which. The brutal awakening portrayed by de Las Casas in his account allows us to see what really happened in the Indies and prove why Columbus and other explorers aren’t the heroes their cut out to be. For Todorov, what happened in 1492 was not merely the invasion and subsequent subjugation of the Indies by the Spanish Conquistadores, but was also an encounter between different ways of interpreting the world. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Sepulveda was adamant that the only option was to continue the encomienda system, and that this would bring stability, as well as the eventual proselytization of the Indies. Tzvetan Todorov was born in Stalinist Bulgaria and came to France in the early 1960s. known . Las Casas utilized the same sources in his counterargument. His portrayal of the Indians as meek, frail, most humble, most patient, most obedient and so on is so dramatized that the book becomes more like a parable than a documentation of... ...Bartolomé de las Casas, a former encomendero turned Dominican friar, was known as “one of the great abolitionists of Caribbean history”1. tensions between the legalist paradigm and the humanitarian element of the Christian just war tradition (Anghie, 1996). His passion for people who at the time were seen as a sub species of humans (if even human at all) is remarkable. 1512 Becomes first priest to be ordained in the New World. Contrast Sepulveda’s and Bartolome de Las Casas’ view of Native Americans. Sepulveda rationalized Spanish treatment of American Indians by arguing that Indians were “natural slaves” and that Spanish presence in the New World would benefit them. For example,... ...Las Casas Time Line Las Casas as a Bishop: A New Interpretation Based on his Holograph Petition in the Hans P. Kraus Collection of Hispanic American Manuscripts / Las Casas, Obispo: Una nueva interpretación a base de su petición autografa en la Colección Hans P. Kraus de Manuscritos Hispanoamericanos. For instance at one point De Las Casas goes as far as to say that 12 million (then it changed to 13 and then again to 15 million) natives were there when the Spanish arrived and at the time he wrote Destruction of the Indies there were only 400 left, all of whom were killed by Spanish settlers. In later writings, especially his Defense of the Amerindians written sometime between 1548 and 1550 for a celebrated debate with Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda over the justness of the conquest and the nature of the American Indians, Las Casas drew heavily from four sources. 1. How does religion influence their opinions? The amount of food the Christians consumed was unbelievable. Disease was the main the cause of Native fatality and it is only mentioned when De Las Casas is describing the "delicateness" of the people. Las Casas and the Concept of Just War 221 The most important source on just war was arguably Gratian, whose De- cretum was considered the key text on many issues during the Middle Ages. Resumen de argumentos Sepúlveda, Las Casas, and the Other: Exploring the Tension between Moral Universalism and Alterity Sepulveda: Ley natural dice que las indígenas no merecen derechos humanos o consideración de los Europeos Las Casas: La población indígena tienen derechos The discourses of Columbus, Cortes and Las Casas in 1516 In November returns to America as a member of a commission sent to investigate the treatment of the Indians. At issue was whether the Indians possessed a soul. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. Las Casas argued for the clergy, Sepulveda for the colonial hidalgos. In 1550, Las Casas debated in Valladolid his views on the American Indians with Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda in front of the Spanish court. For Las Casas' account of the Destruction of the Indies, click here. In the Destruction of the Indies he describes Indian peoples as “peaceable, humble, and meek” 3. The lessons from Valladolid, therefore, might help to limit or clarify recourse to such arguments. Report. Sepulveda was adamant that the only option was to continue the encomienda system and that this would bring stability as well as the eventual proselytization of the indies. -Differences or similarities between different historical eras (colonial, early 20th century, late 20th century) in terms of technology, communications, state power, politics, organization, indigenous identity and images, etc. The lessons from Valladolid, therefore, might … He allowed the crown to have access to things that were otherwise deemed illegal to the public. 01/27/2012 The argument of Juan Gines de Sepulveda is that of negative feedback to what was experienced in the first encounter of the Spaniards and American Indians in the Sixteenth Century. Innocent... ...------------------------------------------------- Las Casas lived from 1484 to July 17th, 1556. Las Casas, in particular, was a noted defender of the rights of the ‘Indians’. Consequently, the Las Casas-Septilveda disputation was an exclusivily intra-European affair. Primary Source; 1484 Born in Seville to Pedro de Las Casas, a small merchant wealthy enough to send his son to learn Latin in the academy at the cathedral of Seville in 1497. To find the similarities, one has to search a bit deeper. Las Casas petitions King Ferdinand of Spain for fair treatment of natives He uses his family status to gain leverage Death of Ferdinand erases all of Las Casas' strides 1552 -Debate Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda confronts Las Casas' beliefs in the famous Las Casas/Sepúlveda debate in He earns an encomienda for his participation in several expeditions and then proceeds to evangelize the Indians. Intro: The discovery of the “New World” is portrayed as a wonderful time by almost all Americans on Columbus Day each and every year. B. For each Christian ate as much food in one day as thirty Indians in one month. He dedicated a huge portion of his life trying to better the conditions of the people in the Indies. Tzvetan Todorov’s The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other. Primary Source; Las Casas Time Line 1484 Born in Seville to Pedro de Las Casas, a small merchant wealthy enough to send his son to learn Latin in the academy at the cathedral of Seville in 1497.Many older sources give 1474 as the year of his birth. So essentially, the Spaniard got the land and the people living on the land, and Spain said, “This is yours to own.” What was the result of this system? Both Bartolomé de Las Casas and Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda formulated their views in They are debating the … As mentioned above, Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies was made from his own experiences and those of eye witnesses. Describe at least two differences between the views expressed by Las Casas and Sepulveda. The argument of Juan Gines de Sepulveda is that of negative feedback to what was experienced in the first encounter of the Spaniards and American Indians in the Sixteenth Century. Las Casas saw no end to Spanish conquest, Sepulveda did not see the encomienda system strengthen as Las Casas continued to be a defender of the Indians. Matt Berti added Las Casas vs. Sepulveda to (1) 1491-1607 New World Board Mr Berti's Guide to AP US History. Most renowned was Vitoria, a distinguished professor of theology at the University of Salamanca between 1526 and 1546. Sepulveda continued as a spokesman for the encomienda system of slavery in New Spain, while Las Casas became known as the defender of Indians. A. The lessons from Valladolid, therefore, might … He tries to appeals to the readers through his emotional and detailed description of events and people and refers to several vindictive terms and sentences such as... ...American Literature One way to approach this question is to consider three of the peoples or populations we The lives of the native people were destroyed by the greed and harshness of the Spanish crown. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. History 2300 These excerpts were written in response to the Spaniards like Sepulveda thought of the Native Americans as lesser than themselves, and that they should be treated as such. In his famous writing “Destruction of the Indies” Bartolome de Las Casas gives a detailed account of the violence and the atrocities of the Spaniards that inflicted on the Natives of the West Indies. Bartolome de Las Casas was a 16th century Spanish historian arriving as one of the first settlers in the New World he participated in and eventually compelled to oppose the atrocities that were committed against the Native Americans by the Spanish colonists. de las Casas says the devil is hidden in … Sepulveda VS. Bartolome de Las Casas Essay Sample. 7. by Lewis Hanke; Bartolomé de las Casas How does this debate connect to the Church’s justification of the conquest? There are many clues in this book which point to the exaggeration of its content. His personal experience of the internal “otherness” which Julia Kristeva describes as “strangers to ourselves”, lead him to explore the American encounter which was a “unique event in the history of humanity” in that two continents, which had been oblivious to each other’s existence, came into a sudden and violent contact. For further reading on the… In his The Conquest of America (1982), Tzvetan Todorov has given us a most interesting recent reading of Columbus and several others of the most important 16th century Spanish commentators on the New World. Summary of Debate Concerning the Subjugation of Indians. Analyze the similarities and differences in the various influences and approaches toward unity in the English colonies in the period of the 17th and early 18th century. ), because their culture was drastically different from that of the Europeans. Bartolomé de Las Casas was born in 1484 in Sevilla, Spain. Matt Berti attached Las Casas vs Sepulveda.pdf to Las Casas vs. Sepulveda. Las Casas described horrible accounts of the torture and punishment the indigenous people had to endure. Through his examples of the extreme cruelty shown by the Spaniards towards the innocent Indians, de Las Casas clearly clarifies how gratuitous such measures were during the Spain’s overtaking on the Indies and how the killings of the Indians reached to approximately 12 million in 40 years. The following links offer an introduction to the Debates between Sepúlveda and Las Casas on the nature of the Conquest, and whether or not it was just. 1552 This primary source contains the arguments between Bartolome de las Casas and Juan Gines Sepulveda, an influential Spbspanish philosopher. The debates at Valladolid in 1550-51 between Las Casas and Sepulveda, arguing their conceptions of the human, can shed light on how and why arguments for inequality creep back into the modern discourse on alterity. Matt Berti attached Las Casas vs Sepulveda.pdf to Las Casas vs. Sepulveda. Juan Gines De Sepulveda, Concerning the Just Causes of the War against the Indians, 1547 Juan Gines de Sepulveda (1489-1573), a Spanish theologian and philosopher, was tasked by Charles V, grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella, to respond to Bartolome de las Casas’s assertions that the Spaniards were unjustly treating Native Americans. Bartolome de Las Casas was a missionary/priest and known as a defender of the oppressed. First, Casas points out that the Romans referred to the Spaniards as barbaric and wild, while the Spanish also referred to the Indians as barbaric and stupid. ... Bartolome de Las Casas, A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies, 1542 17. We turn to the 1550–1 Valladolid debates between Sepúlveda and Las Casas to gain insight into some of the questions facing just war theorists today because the debates lay bare the logic for expanding jus ad bellum in the case of those perceived to be barbarians, and a … Many older sources give 1474 as the year of his birth. Bartolomé De Las Casas describes many horrific actions carried out by Spanish Christians against Indians living on the island of The Hispaniola in between the mid-16th and early 17th century. Sepúlveda, a humanist lawyer born in 1490, was an important figure in the court of Charles V where he served as the Emperor's chaplain and his official historian. Praise For All Mankind is One: A Study of the Disputation Between Bartolomé de Las Casas and Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda in 1550 on the Intellectual and Religious Capacity of the American Indian… "Lewis Hanke has done more than anyone else in this century to make the 'apostle of the Indians' known to the Anglo-Saxon world. Describe the differences between Casas and Sepulveda when it came to the questioning of indigenous populations and their humanity. Why or why not? It was not long when the... ...Perceptions of Bartolome de Las Casas After reading Carlos Fuentes’ book, “The Buried Mirror: Reflections on Spain and the New World”, he devoted a section to Bartolome de Las Casas which allowed the reader to capture his unique perspective (32-38). He was brought into the world of the America's through his father Pedro De Las Casas who was an encomiendo himself. Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. Sepulveda argued against Las Casas on behalf of the colonists' property rights. Massacre in the Indies in size among the planets, The Spanish School may also be considered to have included Domingo de Soto, Francisco Suarez and Bartolome de Las Casas. Following his death, these ambiguities needed refine-ment, which occurred at the Valladolid debates in 1550–1 between Juan Gínes de Sepúlveda and Bartolomé de las Casas. If people knew the true story about what really happened as accounted by Bartolome de Las Casas then there would be less celebrating and realization that we, as people, are idolizing a false hero. 1520... ...Anas Kaleemullah Sepulveda VS. Bartolome de Las Casas ... Bartolome de las Casas draws few parallels between the Roman Empire’s conquest of Spain and the Spanish conquest of the Americas. Primary Sources: Las Casas and Sepulveda debate the Indians. S. everal billion years ago, ~at . You would think that being a Spanish Priest, Las Casas might be quite biased in this document, favoring his country and his church. Sepulveda argued against Las Casas on behalf of the colonists’ property rights. How are the Natives viewed by explorers? In the following years, he was granted a position as c… With the support of the archbishop of Toledo, Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros, is named priest-procurator of the Indies. Bartolomé de las Casas became a planter and owner of indigenous slaves at the age of 18, when he immigrated with his father to the island of Hispaniola in 1502. However, it did not substantially alter Spanish treatment of the Indians. Annotation: In 1550, a momentous debate over the status of the New World Indians took place at the Spanish court in Valladolid, between Juan Gines Sepulveda, the official historian of the Spanish Crown, and Bartolomé de las Casas, a Dominican priest. This encounter was not only between the “civilized” and the “barbarians”. According to Bartolomé de las Casas , Jesus had power over all people in the world, including those who had never heard of Christianity. In the beginning of the 16th century, Spain begin the colonized many parts of the New World. Views on Natives in the New World Juan Gines de Sepulveda viewed the Natives as "pitiful," "barbarous," "inhumane," and "lewd." Las Casas was the accuser, while Sepülveda stood as the representative of the encomenderos, which made him the principal defender of Spain’s presence in and exploitation of the New World. 1513 Takes part in the violent and bloody conquest of Cuba and receives Indian serfs for his efforts. 1502 Leaves Spain for Hispaniola in the West Indies with the governor, Nicolas de Ovando. 1519 Returns to Spain once more. Body: 1502 Leaves Spain for Hispaniola in the West Indies with the governor, Nicolas de Ovando. It couldn’t be more the opposite. Primary Sources: Las Casas and Sepulveda debate the Indians. After becoming a priest, he experienced a profound conversion while meditating upon the book of Sirach: “If one sacrifices ill-gotten goods, the offering is blemished; the gifts of the lawless are not acceptable.” Abandoning his ill-gotten wealth, Las Casas returned to Spain as an anti-slavery activist. Static Characters - This is about the static characters in Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen. Las Casas Time Line 1484 Born in Seville to Pedro de Las Casas, a small merchant wealthy enough to send his son to learn Latin in the academy at the cathedral of Seville in 1497.Many older sources give 1474 as the year of his birth. We turn to the 1550–1 Valladolid debates between Sepúlveda and Las Casas to gain insight into some of the questions facing just war theorists today because the debates lay bare the logic for expanding jus ad bellum in the case of those perceived to be barbarians, and a compelling counter‐argument. B. Bartolomeo de las Casas; C. Juan de Oñate; D. Juan de Sepulveda; Answer: B. Las Casas, Sepúlveda, and Writing History. The debate of Valladolid of 1550-51 is one of the culminating points of a well-known intellectual controversy about the rationality and Christianization of the Indians. 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