This is likely due to the fact that when a polarised view is presented, it, in itself, is a sign of faulty thinking. An important part of critical thinking is being open-minded, so in order to do it right, we must open to points of view opposed to our own. Visual Perception: How The second reaction, as you clarified is that ‘you must create an emotional connection with the individual you seek to change the thoughts of for them to be open to what you have to say.’ I agree to extent, but there is an important caveat: just because an emotional connection is created, doesn’t ensure they will trust the logic behind your stance. What if they don’t want your education? Articles on Politics. Get the help you need from a therapist near you–a FREE service from Psychology Today. In some way practising empathy is a good start to discussing issues for which a person holds strong emotion (beliefs) towards - besides religion, discussing religion is irredeemable (my opinion). If so, I'd love to hear from you. * Beliefs However, if they do possess these inclinations, it’s more likely that, through their willingness to think critically (as suggested, to some extent, by this checklist), that they will change their perspective to be more consistent with your, already critically considered, view. Thinking. This concept is not new. Want to Develop Your Critical Thinking in the New Year? A main thread I observed while reading this article was the presumption that the "educator" had correct information and was seeking to "debunk" erroneous, or incorrect information or conclusions. I will preface my comment with the disclosure that I do not have any peer reviewed or empirically tested sources for how to go about this, but I do have some thoughts I would like to see explored in greater depth. * Psychoanalysis Guest articles. For example, I, like many others, have loved ones who will question my logic and who will disagree with me. I also agree that we should exhibit a willingness to hear and fairly consider opposing viewpoints before offering your own, as you suggest. You ask a question that leads into another question that I have been asking myself for a long time – you ask ‘how do you change the non-predisposed mind’. A video that shows you how to eat a pineapple without using a knife is blowing people's minds. Separates Subject From Background  to There is little friction involved in convincing people who are your natural supporters. Toolbook for Quality Improvement and Problem Solving. Techniques | * Language Change Without Resistance: Podcast series and article on generating buy-in Such strategies include, for example, increasing people’s awareness of this bias, using simpler explanations, and changing the way you present information. lives, change what people tell themselves about the world, others and (most If you present yourself as an educator who holds a correct position and the other person as someone holds an erroneous one and requires correction you automatically create conflict and increase the likelihood of failure. with systems thinking to Don�t Know How to Hear Each Other: how biases distort our conversations, Well, at If they don’t believe it, then we don’t really have to worry about changing their mind. Toolbook for Quality Improvement and Problem Solving). Address the erroneous information as a myth. How to change minds and influence people's behaviour. * Research But new research shows that our views, even on politics, are changing all the time – just not for the reasons you’d expect. * Warfare With respect to your additional question contexts, if we’re dealing with one who doesn't care about the information, then why bother trying? Added An Atheist Neuroscientist Finds Faith in Bipolar Mania, 10 Tips for Turning Procrastination into Precrastination, Why Some People Don’t Seek Mental Health Services. * Hypnotism * Teaching Don�t Know How to Hear Each Other: how biases distort our conversations to What good is being right when the person you’re educating thinks that they’re right and you’re wrong? Menu | * Stress Identify Learning Strategy to It’s like the old adage, two wrongs don’t make a right. Instead, they recommend three routes towards successful debunking: Accounting for these three routes, a procedure takes shape: Though these are useful recommendations based on extant research regarding how human cognition works (the handbook is certainly worth a read and includes discussion of a number of interesting cognitive effects), they don’t completely address contexts wherein people simply disagree and subsequently disregard your position in favor of their own–which brings us to our second question: How can we change the minds of those who believe they have thought critically, yet are still wrong? Critical thinking (CT) requires both sides of a debate to be presented, as well as both of their supports and objections. That way, you’ll discover how you can both get what you want. Or have someone learn? Mind-changing requires elements of CT and to get people to think critically, disposition towards CT needs to develop. the Brink: Brexit, Impeachment and Climate to However, I think it’s important to acknowledge the effect of being ‘respectful of the positions of others’. When the above screenshot played in one of Wonder Woman 1984’s early trailers, it was made fairly clear that the rock being held by … Beyond the types of person that was discussed in the article, I would ass two more: 1. one who doesn't care: As I stated in a previous piece, respect is earned, it’s not a right. Please let me know what you think! It saves you from constantly having to repeat your efforts, and, over the long term, actually changes people's minds and attitudes. Guest articles. Join over 345,000 readers. We will make sure all young people get the best possible mental health support and … Persuasion 101. here) switches between computer 17 Sep 2017 Added Dreams have been described as dress rehearsals for real life, opportunities to gratify wishes, and a form of nocturnal therapy. Any mention of said myth should be prefaced by explicit warning that the following information is erroneous. * Closing techniques Being a considerate, fair, open-minded person should be a goal of ours, in debate or otherwise. how do we ensure that person realises the importance of spreading the correct information. – Blog! * Interrogation What I mean by this is you must created an emotional connection with the individual you seek to change the thoughts of for them to be open to what you have to say. Added Though similar, the subtle difference between the questions is important, because it results in two different answers. * Brain stuff With crime procedural Criminal Minds' large, ever changing cast of characters, the fans inevitably have strong opinions about which is the most iconic form … * Social Research * Conditioning It's usually the shortest road to permanent social change. Theories |, Other sections: | An image of a chain link. We See. Top | * Negotiation tactics – Students Quick Links | Your proposed solution to the first question is interesting, because I think it elicits two reactions. For example, consider a checklist of dispositions (see a few below; Dwyer et al., 2016) for the person whose mind you’re trying to change. But this strategy is in itself erroneous because it, to some extent, ignores some implicit processes of bias. * Needs Added Share | * Preferences Books | – Quotes to Guestbook | About | Research indicates that we hate being wrong more so; but in a similar manner, we generally love to be right. Your concluding points also bring about some interesting food for thought. Stereotyping to A New Years Gift to Ourselves- Dropping the Self-Hate! If all ideas need to be respected, then arguably, all ideas are right? Search | Positivity can go a long way in changing people’s minds. You have certainly made both interesting and important points. As a nonprofit public-interest publisher, we leverage books, diverse voices, and media engagement to facilitate social change, enrich public discourse, and defend democratic values. Your second context, one who ‘has propaganda to spread’, would fall under the second question, in that if they’re making effortful attempts to spread misinformation, then it’s likely that they believe it themselves. My issue with this perspective is that just because one person failed to think critically doesn’t excuse the ‘refuter’ to do likewise. contact us. * Questioning You Realize Selling Doesn�t Cause Buying? I came to this page looking for reasoned solutions on how to successfully change minds. Guest articles | * Counseling The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. least Brexit is on the road to somewhere now, Change Without Resistance: Podcast series and article on generating buy-in I’ll be sure to check out your recommended readings! Trying to change someone’s mind is something that we have all tried to do, but most people fail at influencing others. least Brexit is on the road to somewhere now to We See. The position you are trying to teach must focus on the core evidence rather than their misinformation. And for business improvement, see the Therefore, when you want a person to change his or her mind… We often work with carers and people with long-term conditions where anxiety and depression is the focus. I must add at this point a further disclaimer that the essay is about converting people to a Christian based belief system; furthermore I do not seek to convince anyone that theism or spirituality is a solution and have no desire to change minds to that effect (if anything, the opposite,) but I think the methodology is sound. * Negotiation Blog! Added * Rhetoric Thanks again for your comment. Neuroscientist and author Tali Sharot's new book explores how we influence the people around us. And now you can visit our sister site,, for creative learning, tools and quotes (including the free book How To Invent (Almost) Anything).And for business improvement, see the Quality Tools site, Improvement Encyclopedia and the free book (A Toolbook for Quality Improvement and Problem Solving).There's now well over 8500 pages of free and useful knowledge across all our sites. * Using repetition Separates Subject (Figure) From Background  to & Kavanagh, C. (2016). * Change techniques TED Talk Subtitles and Transcript: A handful of people working at a handful of tech companies steer the thoughts of billions of people every day, says design thinker Tristan Harris. But for others, the brain’s tendency to stay the course may play a larger role. In this context, being right is a positive outcome. – Contact Webmasters | Massive Content — Maximum Speed, We Changing policy is a step on the road to changing social conditions and real community development. If you can understand how people's values develop, then you can guide the process. Guest articles. People love to be right. * Relationships by Greg Mackie. * Groups matter more than the content (more than times than it should). Guest articles. I don’t like them, but I trust them. * Storytelling | But there are reasons to think that the Black Lives Matter movement might be different. Do you have something to say about changing minds? We Have Neanderthals to Thank for These Genetic Traits, Why the Internet Broke for Bernie Sanders' Mittens, When White Privilege Becomes White Silence, Psychology Today © 2021 Sussex Publishers, LLC, An Attitude of Gratitude: Why Saying "I Am Grateful" Matters, AI Gains Social Intelligence; Infers Goals and Failed Plans, How Visualizing "Hoped-for Future Selves" May Affect Destiny. New | Blog! Mind In light of thinking about your suggestions, I have just posted a new piece: Changing People's Minds Requires Willingness. * Job-finding Principles | * Coaching the Brink: Brexit, Impeachment and Climate, A Analysis | Added Well, at A review of Reddit’s ChangeMyMind forum revealed that people who remained polite and practiced hedging – a linguistic tool used to make an argument appear less threatening (“it may be that”) – succeeded more often in changing people’s minds. site, There is an article that examined success or failure in changing minds based on internet data from the reddit "ChangeMyView" forum. The truth, it seems, is that there’s little you can do about that–it simply boils down to the person you’re trying to educate and their disposition towards critical thinking. Thanks again for your comment. State and emphasize the central claim (i.e., the alternative position). formats, and also between Small, Added Standing on For example, I, like many others, encounter some people who I simply do not like. Any problems, please The YoungMinds resources library is full of useful toolkits, publications, reports and policy information about children and young people's mental health. Quick | * Sociology Cook, J. This piece provides two ways of looking at how debunking and changing people’s minds may work, but at the same time admits that there remains a large amount of uncertainty in this area. Gaining the skills to be ‘right’ and leading others down the correct path are desired educational outcomes. Persuasion 101. Students | * Values, – About A person who is unwilling to change his or her mind even with an underlying change in the facts is, by definition, a fundamentalist. * Habit Lewandowsky, S., Ecker, U. K., Seifert, C. M., Schwarz, N. & Cook, J. Stereotype: The Twins confound you with their multiple personalities and constantly changing version of "the truth." Top | (2012). Caveat | * Leadership of Credibility in Politics (and How This is Not Always Enough) to * Marketing The best answer I have come up with so far is to first change hearts. * Stress Management * Brand management * Culture Though you should refute the incorrect information (i.e. Understand to Send in an article and get it published Separates Subject (Figure) From Background. * Evolution

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